2011 Bermuda Energy White Paper: A National Energy Transition
The Bermuda Government is pleased to announce the release of Bermuda's first national energy policy, the 2011 Bermuda Energy White Paper: A National Energy Transition. The purpose of this white paper is to provide a 9 year plan of how the Government will reduce fossil fuel dependency, establish greater energy security and reduce greenhouse-gas emissions below 10 metric tonnes CO2 equivalent per capita by 2020. Everyone in our community has a role to play in realising the goals outlined in the white paper, and we invite you to download your copy here.
||Chapter 1: Introduction |
This chapter explains the purpose of the white paper and the objectives of the Department of Energy. The two key issues of energy security and climate change are introduced as the driving force behind the need for a national energy transition. The need to reduce fossil fuel dependence to establish long-term energy security is explained, and a scientifically derived target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 30% by 2020 provides essential context from which the remainder of the paper can be understood .
||Chapter 2: Reducing Emissions 30% by 2020 |
Bermuda's greenhouse gas emissions are broken down by sector and specific targets for emissions reductions allocated to electricity generation and transportation. A system for tracking progress toward the 2020 emissions reduction target is explained and an overview is provided of Government action to date. A summary of the most critical policies required to jump-start the national energy transition is also provided and the Government's plan for supporting and regulating the emerging sustainable energy industry is explained .
||Chapter 3: Capacity Planning, Electricity Delivery & Metering |
Meeting the targets of the white paper requires development of a collaborative capacity planning process and an electricity delivery and metering infrastructure that enables consumers to conserve energy, and encourages independent power producers to produce electricity from distributed alternative energy resources. This chapter outlines how the Government will work with the electric utility to ensure this vision becomes a reality.
||Chapter 4: Electrical Energy Generation |
This chapter outlines the policies and technologies that will be used to achieve the challenging target of obtaining 30% of total electrical energy requirements from renewable energy resources by 2020. An overview of the public's attitudes toward different electrical generation technologies is also provided.
||Chapter 5: Product Efficiency |
The Government has set a target to reduce electricity consumption 20% below 2008 levels by 2020 through energy conservation, energy efficiency and non-electrical renewable energy technologies. This chapter explains the policies that will be used to improve the efficiency of products imported to Bermuda, which will form a substantial contribution toward meeting this target.
||Chapter 6: Energy in Buildings |
It is essential that buildings become more energy efficient and use on-site renewable energy generation if the targets of the white paper are to be achieved. This chapter outlines the key policies that will be used to ensure buildings use energy in a more sustainable way.
||Chapter 7: Transportation |
The Government has set a target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from local transportation 30% below 2008 levels by 2020. This chapter introduces the range of technologies and policies that will be used to ensure this target is achieved.
||Chapter 8: Legislation & Regulation |
Many aspects of the energy sector were developed during a time when energy was cheap, widely available and the environmental impacts of its use were not fully understood or accepted. Policy, legislation and regulation were no exception and as a result existing laws need to be improved and updated in order to provide the Government and Energy Commission with the authority necessary for Bermuda to reach the targets outlined in this White Paper. This chapter provides an overview of how laws will be developed to create a solid legislative and regulatory foundation for Bermuda's future energy plan.